Assessment and treatment of musculoskeletal soft tissue injuries and conditions.
Who is a Musculoskeletal Physiotherapist?
Musculoskeletal Soft Tissue Physiotherapists have expertise in the treatment of musculoskeletal (muscle and joint) conditions. Musculoskeletal Soft Tissue Physiotherapy employs advanced clinical assessment and diagnosis methods. Musculoskeletal physiotherapists have been trained in a broader range of treatment techniques.
Edgeway Musculoskeletal Soft Tissue Physiotherapists are leaders in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of muscle and joint problems, especially spinal conditions that commonly cause lower back pain and neck pain.
How Can Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy Help You?
Your Musculoskeletal Soft Tissue Physiotherapist can:
About Musculoskeletal Pain.
- Totally relieve or reduce your pain.
- Provide you with strategies to best manage your injury or condition.
- Help you to recover quicker and hasten your return to your normal activities.
- Improve your flexibility, muscle strength, quality of movement, proprioception and co-ordination.
- Assist you to achieve exercise or functional goals.
- Improve your fitness.
- Help you to prevent future injury recurrences.
- Prescribe exercises to do at home and work in the gym to enhance your recovery.
Musculoskeletal pain affects the bones, muscles, ligaments, tendons, and nerves. It can be acute (having a rapid onset with severe symptoms) or chronic (long-lasting). Musculoskeletal pain can be localised in one area, or widespread.
Lower back pain is the most common type of musculoskeletal pain. Other common types include tendonitis, myalgia (muscle pain), and stress fractures.
Edgeway Clinic offers expert diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation for bone, joint or connective tissue disorders and rheumatic diseases.
What are the causes of musculoskeletal pain?
Anyone can experience musculoskeletal pain. It is most often caused by an injury to the bones, joints, muscles, tendons, ligaments, or nerves. This can be caused by jerking movements, car accidents, falls, fractures, sprain, dislocations, and direct blows to the muscle.
Musculoskeletal pain can also be caused by overuse. Pain from overuse affects 33% of adults. Lower back pain from overuse is the most common work-related diagnosis in Western society.
Poor posture or prolonged immobilization can also cause musculoskeletal pain.
What are the symptoms of musculoskeletal pain?
Symptoms of musculoskeletal pain depend on whether the pain is caused by an injury or overuse and whether it is chronic or acute. The symptoms can also differ from person to person.
Common symptoms include:
What are the different types of musculoskeletal pain?
- Localised or widespread pain that can worsen with movement.
- Aching or stiffness of the entire body.
- The feeling that your muscles have been pulled or overworked.
- Sleep disturbances.
- Twitching muscles.
- The sensation of "burning" in your muscles.
Musculoskeletal pain has varying symptoms and causes. Some of the more common types of pain include:
How is musculoskeletal pain diagnosed?
- Bone pain: This is usually deep, penetrating, or dull. It most commonly results from injury. It is important to be sure that the pain is not related to a fracture or tumor.
- Muscle pain: This is often less intense than bone pain, but it can still be debilitating. Muscle pain can be caused by an injury, an autoimmune reaction, loss of blood flow to the muscle, infection, or a tumor. The pain can also include muscle spasms and cramps.
- Tendon and ligament pain: Pains in the tendons or ligaments are often caused by injuries, including sprains. This type of musculoskeletal pain often becomes worse when the affected area is stretched or moved.
- Fibromyalgia: This is a condition that may cause pain in the muscles, tendons, or ligaments. The pain is usually in multiple locations and can be difficult to describe. Fibromyalgia is usually accompanied by other symptoms.
- Joint pain: Joint injuries and diseases usually produce a stiff, aching, "arthritic" pain. The pain may range from mild to severe and worsens when moving the joint. The joints may also swell. Joint inflammation (arthritis) is a common cause of pain.
- "Tunnel" syndromes: This refers to musculoskeletal disorders that cause pain due to nerve compression. The disorders include carpal tunnel syndrome cubital tunnel syndrome, and tarsal tunnel syndrome. The pain tends to spread along the path supplied by the nerve and may feel like burning. These disorders are often caused by overuse.
The therapist will begin by conducting a thorough medical history. He will be looking for possible causes of your pain, such as workplace or sports injuries, and will also ask if the pain is ongoing or acute.
The therapist will then conduct a hands-on examination looking for the source of the pain. This may include palpating the affected area. This helps him locate the origin of the pain. However, to determine the underlying cause of the pain.
Based on the findings from your examination and the results of these tests, your physiotherapist should be able to diagnose the cause and type of your pain. This will help him or her to create a treatment plan for you.
How is musculoskeletal pain treated?
Musculoskeletal pain is best treated by treating its cause. This will vary depending on whether you are experiencing bone, muscle, ligament, tendon, or joint pain, or some other kind of musculoskeletal pain.
- Physical Therapy
- Strengthening and conditioning exercises
- Stretching exercises
- Soft tissue Techniques including massage
Pain medication may be used during treatment for any type of musculoskeletal pain. Your doctor may recommend analgesics such as acetaminophen, NSAIDS, or, if pain is severe, opioids.